As a direct output from the olive oil case study in Portugal, a book chapter was published by the SUFISA partners in Évora that addresses the sustainability of the ongoing agricultural intensification and financialisation processes. In this chapter, researchers in Évora explore how this is taking place in the area of influence of the Alqueva irrigation system since 2002, when the system´s main dam (the biggest one in Europe) was completed. The process of agricultural intensification in southern Portugal is relatively new, and there is an urge to better understand its contours, mechanisms and potential implications. On this basis, researchers focused on examining the emerging actor-networks and explore their implications for the making of sustainable rural places, particularly place-specific inter-dependencies between economy, community and ecology . As emerges out of this SUFISA case study, we are witnessing the constitution of new heterogeneous networks composed of both social (individuals, organisations, rules in use) and material elements (e.g. technologies, infrastructures, genes, olive tree varieties, fungi, fauna). This notion of actor-network was employed, in this case, as entry point to understand rapid change in economy-community-ecology linkages in rural places witnessing agricultural intensification. This type of approach has resulted in a new project being granted, SUSTAINOLIVE, focusing on this process of change along the Mediterranean and for which funding for the PRIMA programme of the European Commission has been secured for the period 2019-2023. Reference to this publication is: Silveira, A.; Muñoz-Rojas, J; Ferrão, J.; Pinto-Correia, M.T.; Guimarães, M.H.; Schmidt, L.. 2018. The sustainability of agricultural intensification in the early 21st century: Insights from the olive oil sector in Alentejo (Southern Portugal). . In Inclusion, Citizenship and Sustainability, ed. A. Delicado, N. Domingos, L. de Sousa, 120 – 132. . Lisboa: ICS-Universidade de Lisboa.